Food Groups and the Food Pyramid
Food Groups in Our Diet
Recommendations for a balanced diet say that it should comprise mostly carbohydrates, which should account for more than 50% of the daily energy intake. The most important sources are grains, vegetables, potatoes and fruit. The share of fats from vegetable oils and fats of animal origin in our food should be below 30% of the energy intake and approximately 10% to 15% of the daily energy intake should come from proteins of animal and plant origin (from milk and dairy products, meat, fish, grain and legumes). In order to be able to get the right proportion of energy, our daily menu should include several diverse foods within the framework of individual food groups. It is also recommended that food should contain approximately 80% of the required energy that is consumed with food with a high nutritional and simultaneously low energy density. High nutritional density foods are wholegrain products, vegetables, fruit, milk, fish, low-fat meat and legumes. The appropriate planning of food is easiest to imagine in the form of the food pyramid, which is based on the quantity the six food groups (vegetables, fruit, grain and grain products, milk and dairy products, meat and meat products and fats) in our daily diet.